While the typical Birmingham homeowner does rule out on a day-to-day basis the sewage systems that connect his or her house to the location’s water supply, sewers are a main part of a home’s foundation. Poor upkeep of a home’s sewers can cause major issues and cause damage to your residence and your wellness. For countless years, sewage systems have actually been constructed and kept to provide safe water to you and your family. Understanding a little of the history along with the main parts of a sewer system can assist keep your family safe.

History of Sewers

A little history behind sewers can expose simply how crucial it is to keep your home’s sewage systems in fantastic condition. Professionals approximate that the first sewage systems could date as far back as 4000 B.C. Ancient Greek civilizations were advanced enough to know that break outs of illness and illness might be decreased by managing waste in a safe and reliable means.

Years ago, the disposal of waste happened by clearing chamber pots into the roads. This naturally contributed to illness like the bubonic plague that quickly spread throughout whole homes, cities, and ultimately all through the world. In the United States, cities and municipalities started taking over sewer systems in the 19th century to ensure particular regulations would be met. Catch basins allowed water from a source to enter into neighboring bodies of water. Odors and inadequate functioning resulted in the creation of lateral culverts on each street that collected every residence’s wastes by subterranean routes. In 1884, the first sewage pumping system was constructed in Boston. The culverts and Boston’s design for a steam-based pumping system laid the foundation for the modern-day American sewer.

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Today, there are two kinds of sewers: storm sewers and sanitary sewers. Storm sewage systems care for rain and storm water from both street drains and home gutters. A sanitary sewer deals with waste and is connected to each house’s toilets, tubs, showers, sinks, and other home appliances like a laundry basin. A sanitary sewer carries waste to a waste treatment plant.

Sewer Terminology of the Home

Sewage specialists utilize certain words and expressions to describe the sewers. An upper lateral pipe connects to a sewer main line, which is a big pipe that runs under your house. Waste is carried with the upper lateral pipe and crosses the property line into the lower lateral, lastly entering into the sewer main. Homeowners are normally accountable for the upper lateral, but it’s best to consult your city or regional town to guarantee that you appreciate the regulations that could exist.

History and Types of Sewer Pipes

Sewer pipes were first presented in the 1800s. Before they were presented, many cities made use of canals and ditches to move waste away from their community. Sewer pipes had been a big factor in lowering disease and eliminating waste.

Now, you can find numerous types of sewer pipes that have been used around the nation. Sewer repairs take on a different face depending upon the kind of pipe that has actually been used.


Orangeburg pipe was first used in the city of Boston in the mid-1800s. This kind of pipe has a really soft construction so is vulnerable to collapse. The plumbing market not utilizes this kind of pipe.

Cast Iron

Cast iron pipes were used in the 1900s in Philadelphia. Cast iron pipe been available in various sizes and 2 various weights. Service weight was made use of for normal domestic applications, and additional heavy weight was used for commercial type applications. Used as early as the 17th century, cast iron pipe is susceptible to rust and needs replacement over time.


PVC pipe is manufactured in a variety of sizes and can be produced to unique order when essential. PVC pipe can easily be joined together. That makes it an outstanding item for sewer lines. It was designed as a by-product from a failed experiment. It was very first made use of in Europe in the 1930s. By the mid-1950s, it was being made use of in the United States regularly. PVC is virtually shock evidence and is great for earthquake and disaster susceptible areas of the country. PVC is resistant to germs. It is the most commonly make use of pipe in this century.

PVC pipe is easy to repair. You can cut the pipe with a hacksaw. You coat the in of the coupling and with a sealant and just slip onto the new pipe. You can then secure the new pipe to the old pipe by slipping the other end of the coupling onto the old pipe. After sealing around the connection, you have a leak evidence seal once the sealant dries. Make sure to follow the manufactures directions for drying time of the sealant prior to running water through the pipe.

As you can see, the innovation in the kinds of pipes made use of for sewer lines has made repair less regular. When Birmingham sewer repairs are needed the repair time is cut substantially and the ease with which it can be done makes it an ideal diy repair.